Other Free HESI A2 Study Guides:

There are 8 Modules in HESI A2 vocabulary Study Guide. Here you can navigate all the HESI A2 Study guide modules.

Let’s get started

Increasing verbal ability

Hesi A2 General Knowledge and Vocabulary Increasing verbal ability

Effective communication is a necessary skill that all nurses need. 

By using basic techniques as a way to improve their vocabulary, nurses can ensure that they grow their communication skills. 

One way to increase your overall vocabulary is by writing down new words and learning their meanings.

This isn’t difficult to do and you won’t only find these new words in what you read, but in the television shows that you watch as well as when you talk to others.

When you identify a new word and you aren’t sure of its meaning, use a dictionary to help you and then try to use the word in your daily conversations.

By doing so, the word will become part of your vocabulary.

Increasing etymology

Hesi A2 General Knowledge and Vocabulary Increasing etymology

The study of words is known as etymology. 

The focus here is where words originated from and their development between languages over time. 

As you know languages come from various parts of the world and are made up of words from many different cultures. 

Over time, new words are created as technology evolves, well older ones are changed and redefined. 

In some cases, words can be formed when prefixes or suffixes are combined with root words. 

As a way to improve verbal ability for testing purposes, students should focus on learning what common prefixes and suffixes are. 

For example, the prefix pre is one that can help to clarify medical terms like predate, for example. 

Important terms: A glossary

General Knowledge and Vocabulary Important terms: A glossary

In the nursing field, there are many terms that you should know and understand including:

Abrupt: Describes an abrupt change that takes place without warning

Abstain: To refrain from a certain action in a deliberate manner

Access: Having the ability or permission to enter a certain area or entity; using something as you choose without restraint

Accountable: Responsibility for what one says or does

Acute: Experiencing something intensely, such as pain

Adhere: Using something to bind one thing to another, for example, tape, glue or other agents; the action of providing support and loyalty

Adverse: In an opposite fashion; having a negative effect, someone that is against one’s interests

Affect: Affecting one’s emotions

Ambivalent: Not certain; having thoughts or  feelings about something that conflict 

Ambulate: Moving and walking around without the assistance of others

Annual: A single year’s duration; something that takes place on one occasion yearly

Apply: Put something to work; having a relevant connection to another thing

Assent: To endorse or agree to something

Audible: Can be heard

Bacteria: Having a simple structure and no distinct nucleus, these are microscopic, free-living, single-celled organisms

Bilateral: Comprising two sides; in the human body, it might refer to something affecting both the right and left side thereof

Cardiac: Pertains to the heart

Cast: Pouring liquid substance into a mold to give shape to something;  An object being thrown 

Cavity: Hollow space or pocket; a specific space in the human body, for example, the chest cavity

Cease: To bring to an end in a gradual manner; the act or process of extinction 

Chronic: Happens time and again or persists for a long period of time

Chronology: According to their occurrence in a time, this is arranging events in a specific order

Compensatory: A payment that counterbalances another action; an equivalent

Complications: A degree of difficulty presented by a factor; in medical parlance, it could mean a condition or secondary disease

Comply: To carry out another person’s wishes; As prescribed by law, to perform in a specific manner

Concave: A curved or arched surface; an inwardly rounded surface, similar to the shape of a bowl

Concise: Minus all detail that’s considered excessive; to the point and straightforwardly so

Congenital: Having a disease from the day you are born

Constrict: Squeezing/compression that makes something narrower

Contingent: When something is dependent upon something else, or conditioned by it; an event that is possible

Contour: A line showing a curvy figure’s shape

Contract: A legal agreement that binds two parties

Contraindication: Specific treatment is unadvisable due to the presence of a certain condition or symptom

Convulsive: Causing sudden involuntary movements

Cursory: Not thorough or in-depth but brief/hasty

Defecate: Feces moves out of the bowels

Deficit: A lack of quality, or a shortfall of something

Depress: Pressing down on something; when something moves to a lower position; activity or strength lessening

Deteriorating: Quality diminishing; function or condition diminishing

Device: Equipment used for a specific task; Something that is thought up or devised

Diagnosis: Figuring out a disease, or a function

Diameter: This looks at the body of an object and the length of a line passing through it

Diffuse: Widely spread over a large area

Dilate: Extend, widen, enlarge; pupils also dilate (become wider)

Dilute: Potency of a substance can be diluted so it is less strong; a substance can be made thinner by diluting it; intensity and flavor diminished

Distal: Away from a central point (location-wise)

Distended: Through the force of internal pressure, something has enlarged 

Dysfunction: An organ or system in the body having hindered function

Elevate: Pick something up to a higher position

Empathy: Understanding the feelings of another person

Endogenous: Deep tissue growth; the result of internal factors within an organism

Equilibrium: A state of balance

Etiology: The reason for something’s existence; the origin or cause

Exacerbate: Increasing the intensity of something; an increase in severity

Excess: Usual limitations are surpassed; excessive indulgence that’s not necessary

Exogenous: Developing/growing from shallow/superficial tissues; Factors external to the organism causing various conditions

Expand: Unfold or open, Size, scope or number of something increasing

Exposure: Subjected to a certain influence or condition; publicly making a secret known

Extension: A preexisting entity has something added to it or is elongated 

External: On the outside of the human body

Fatal: Something that can cause the death of an individual; having to do with proceeding or fate in a way that a fixed event sequence

Fatigue: Tiredness brought on by one of several factors including, stress, exertion, or labor, for example; the propensity of a material to break when placed under stress

Febrile: Linked to fever, as well as symptoms of fever 

Flaccid: Not firm; a lack of youthful firmness, force, or vigor

Flexion: The condition of being bent or bending and in the medical field, pertains to limbs or joints

Flushed: When a part of the body reddens or blushing in the face

Gaping: An area that is open and exposed

Gastrointestinal: Dealing with a person’s stomach and intestines

Gender: Associated with a specific sex particularly in light of psychological, cultural, and behavioral traits

Hematologic: This term is with regards to blood

Hydration: Introducing or resupplying with fluids; The act of someone taking in water

Hygiene: Activities that help maintain health from a physical standpoint; the science of health

Impaired: Performing functionally or in a proper manner is not possible due to a condition; if someone is under the influence of drugs or alcohol, they are said to be impaired

Impending: Probably will occur in the near future; threateningly hanging overhead

Impervious: watertight, resistant, not affected; won’t allow the passage of fluid or not allowing entrance

Imply: Not directly stating something but suggesting or insinuating it

Incidence: When something arrives at the surface; When something that happens affects something else

Infection: When pathogenic organisms invade an area of body tissue

Infer: Coming to a conclusion or making judgements in light of evidence and reasoning

Inflamed: When an intensely emotional state is incited further; can also describe something that has been set alight

Ingest: Taking something via the mouth to be digested in the stomach

Initiate: To set something in motion/cause it to begin; entry into a club or organization sees newcomers following a certain process to do so

Insidious: An enticing or dangerous someone/something

Intact: Something that has not been touched by any destructive forces; something that has no part that’s relevant to it altered or removed

Internal: Refers to things both inside the mind as well as the body; something that exists within another entity

Intubate: The insertion of a tube as a way to bypass an obstructed airway

Invasive: Infringe or spread upon something; when something enters the body

Kinetic: Relating to or resulting from objects that are moving; Associated with that motion, this relates to the forces and energy concerned

Labile: changing/breaking down chemically or physically constantly; unstable

Laceration: Refers to wounds that have irregular borders, commonly has a knife like appearance

Latent: Has potential to become a problem although not currently active

Lateral: Affecting sides a side or sides of a body, or referring to them

Lethargic: Slowish/sluggish, apathetic, or indifferent

Musculoskeletal: Relates to the muscles and the skeleton and the connection between them

Neurologic: Relates to the nervous system

Neurovascular: Relates to the nerves and blood vessels

Nutrient: Provides nourishment

Occluded: Blocked off/closed

Ominous: Showing an omen; relates to something disastrous/evil that could happen

Ongoing: In the process of happening; Moving ahead/continuously advancing

Oral: In the medical field, this relates to the mouth; spoken words

Otic: Located in, or relating to the ear region

Overt: Obvious or openly displayed

Parameter: Boundary/limit; this arbitrary value is used in math to describe a statistical population

Paroxysmal: Relates to an attack of symptoms or a sudden fit; an uncontrollable action or sudden emotion

Patent: An easily accessible passage that is clear

Pathogenic: Causes disease

Pathology: Disease study

Posterior: This equates to the back/rear position

Potent: Able as a male, to copulate; pertaining to something that is effective from a chemical or medical point of view

Potential: The chance that something that is a possibility, in fact becomes a reality

Precaution: Taking care of things in advance; Taking measures beforehand to prevent injury or harm

Precipitous: Refers to something that is difficult to overcome or climb

Preexisting: Previous to something else or existing before

Primary: refers to a rank of importance; first in order

Priority: To be given a preferential rating; coming first in order of position or date

Prognosis: After diagnosis of a disease or illness this is the possibility of recovery

Rationale: Practices, beliefs, principles, and opinions of a specific group of people explained

Recur: The process of revisiting something for reconsideration; When a thought/idea enters your thoughts for a second time

Renel: Related to the kidneys

Residual: After most of something is removed, this is a small part remaining

Respiration: Breathing air in and out

Restrict: Having some limitations/boundaries and imposing them on someone

Retain: Keeping your possessions; a person or item is retained in security

Site: Where a structure is physically located; the scene or place where something occurred; a place reserved for a structure

Status: Rank or position in relation to others; the condition of a person or object with regards to their situation

Strict: Maintained in a way that cannot be altered/changed; inflexible

Subcutaneous: Applied, being situated, living, or occurring under the skin

Sublingual: Under the tongue

Supplement: When something is completed by another item

Suppress: Using authority or force to restrain; to push something out of one’s memory; keep out of the knowledge of the public

Symmetric: Divided into equal sections along a longitudinal plane; displaying symmetry

Symptom: Relates to evidence that a disease or illness is present; symptoms indicate that something else is going on

Syndrome: Illness or irregular conditions suggested through the discovery of a group of symptoms happening close together

Therapeutic: This relates to the treatment of an irregular condition or illness

Toxic: Damaging and harmful to organisms, often poisonous; showing symptoms of toxicosis or infection

Transdermal: Permeating through the skin

Transmission: When something is passed from one place to another

Trauma: When an outside object causes an injury

Triage: System used to determine patients that need the highest level of care immediately. This is done by evaluating their condition as well as the chances of them responding in a positive manner to the treatment they receive

Ubiquitous: Present everywhere; common or widespread

Untoward: Characterized by unpleasantness or trouble; hard to manage

Urinate: The process where urine is expelled from the body

Vascular: Relating to blood vessels

Verbal: Pertaining to words

Virulent: Produces damaging/harmful results; ineffective

Virus: Pathogens that can cause disease and that replicate, can only be seen under microscopes

Vital: Essential or necessary to life

Void: No legal effect or force; empty; not occupied

Volume: Pages printed and bound together as a book; changing the degree of loudness; the space taken up by a three-dimensional form

All Posts

career employers editorial process

Here at career employer, we focus a lot on providing factually accurate information that is always up to date. We strive to provide correct information using strict editorial processes, article editing and fact checking for all of the information found on our website. We only utilize trustworthy and relevant resources. To find out more, make sure to read our full editorial process page here.

Leave a Comment

How Career Employer Collects Its Data

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Nulla quam velit, vulputate eu pharetra nec, mattis ac neque. Duis vulputate commodo lectus, ac blandit elit tincidunt id.