At the top of this page, you will find a button that provides full access to the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior (MCAT) practice test. Right below it, there is an opportunity to engage with a detailed practice test crafted for a comprehensive review. These tests are crucial for demonstrating your strengths, pinpointing improvement areas, and refining your study strategy.

To enhance your preparation further, particularly in topics that require additional attention, we have developed specialized quizzes. These quizzes are carefully designed to target distinct aspects of the MCAT exam, delivering a concentrated and efficient study session.

MCAT Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior Domain Exams

The MCAT (Medical College Admission Test) is a standardized examination for prospective medical students in the United States and Canada. It assesses problem solving, critical thinking, written analysis, and knowledge of scientific concepts and principles. A crucial part of the MCAT is the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section. This section tests your understanding of the behavioral and sociocultural determinants of health. 

Here’s a breakdown of this section, covering the domains of the exam

Domain 1: Psychology

  • Percentage of Exam: 65%
  • Topics Covered: This domain focuses on understanding psychological concepts, theories, and processes. Topics include sensation and perception, learning and memory, cognition, emotion, motivation, personality, psychopathology, and social behavior. It requires familiarity with psychological disorders, their mechanisms, and their treatments.
  • Importance: This area assesses the applicant’s grasp of how psychological factors impact health and behavior, essential for understanding patient behavior and mental health issues in a medical context.

Welcome to your MCAT Psy Domain 1: Psychology

Domain 2: Sociology

  • Percentage of Exam: 30%
  • Topics Covered: The focus is on understanding social concepts and processes that influence human behavior, health, and society. Topics include social structures, demographic characteristics and processes, social inequality, and the relationships between social stratification, racial and ethnic identity, and health.
  • Importance: Knowledge in this area helps future medical professionals understand how social factors and cultural backgrounds influence health behaviors, access to care, and health outcomes, guiding more culturally competent and effective patient care.

Welcome to your MCAT Psy Domain 2: Socialogy

Domain 3: Biology

  • Percentage of Exam: 5%
  • Topics Covered: This small portion emphasizes the biological underpinnings of behavior, including genetics, the role of neurotransmitters, and the brain’s structure and function.
  • Importance: Understanding the biological bases of behavior is crucial for medical students, as it lays the foundation for understanding how biological factors contribute to mental health and behavior, critical for diagnosing and treating psychological conditions.

Welcome to your MCAT Psy Domain 3: Biology

Domain% of ExamTopics Covered
Psychology65%Sensation, perception, learning, memory, cognition, emotion, motivation, personality, psychopathology, social behavior
Sociology30%Social structures, demographic processes, social inequality, social stratification, racial and ethnic identity
Biology5%Genetics, neurotransmitters, brain structure and function

Additional Important Information

  • Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills: Beyond content knowledge in psychology, sociology, and biology, this section tests your ability to interpret and analyze information, draw conclusions, apply knowledge to new situations, and evaluate arguments.
  • Preparation Materials: The AAMC (Association of American Medical Colleges) offers official preparation materials, including practice exams, question packs, and the MCAT Official Guide, which are invaluable for understanding the format and content of the exam.
  • Scores: This section of the MCAT is scored from 118 to 132, with the mean and median at approximately 125. This score is combined with the other three sections for a total score ranging from 472 to 528.

MCAT Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior  Exam Breakdown

The MCAT (Medical College Admission Test) Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section is one of the four sections of the MCAT, a standardized examination for prospective medical students in the United States and Canada. 

This section is designed to assess the test taker’s understanding of the ways psychological, social, and biological factors influence perceptions and reactions to the world; behavior and behavior change; what people think about themselves and others; the cultural and social differences that influence well-being; and the relationships between social stratification, access to resources, and well-being.

Breakdown of the Section

  • Content Areas: The section covers a wide range of topics including psychology, sociology, and biology related to human behavior and mental processes. This includes concepts like motivation, attitude, social inequality, learning, memory, emotion, stress, and many others that provide a foundation for understanding health and illness from a biopsychosocial perspective.
  • Questions and Format: Typically, this section contains 59 questions to be answered in 95 minutes. The questions are a mix of passage-based sets and independent questions.
  • Skills Tested: The section tests skills in scientific inquiry and reasoning, research methods, and statistical concepts, in addition to knowledge of the content areas.
  • Scoring: Scores for this section range from 118 to 132, with the section score being part of the overall MCAT score.

How to Become MCAT Foundations of Behavior Certified

To become certified in the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section of the MCAT, or to gain expertise in this area, there isn’t a formal certification process through any official boards or organizations specifically for this section of the exam. However, gaining expertise and demonstrating proficiency in this area typically involves a combination of self-study, coursework, and practice. 

Here’s a comprehensive approach to mastering this section:

  1. Understand the Content: First, familiarize yourself with the content and skills tested in this section of the MCAT. The AAMC (Association of American Medical Colleges) provides detailed outlines of the topics covered. This section tests your knowledge of important concepts in psychology, sociology, and biology that provide a foundation for learning in medical school.
  2. Educational Background: Ensure you have a strong foundation in psychology, sociology, and the biological sciences. This can be achieved through relevant undergraduate courses. If you’re already past your undergraduate education, consider taking a few courses at a local college or through an online platform.
  3. Official AAMC Resources: Use study materials provided by the AAMC, including the Official Guide to the MCAT Exam, practice tests, and the section bank specifically for the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section. The AAMC resources are crucial as they are from the makers of the exam and provide an accurate representation of what you will face.
    • AAMC Official Guide: AAMC Official Guide
    • Practice Tests and Questions: AAMC MCAT Practice
  4. Review Courses and Books: Consider enrolling in an MCAT review course offered by companies such as Kaplan, Princeton Review, or ExamKrackers. These courses offer structured study plans, review materials, and practice exams. Additionally, review books focused on the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section can provide targeted practice and review.
    • Kaplan MCAT Review: Kaplan MCAT
    • Princeton Review MCAT: Princeton Review MCAT
    • ExamKrackers MCAT: ExamKrackers MCAT
  5. Practice, Practice, Practice: Practice is key to mastering this section. In addition to taking full-length practice exams, focus on practice questions specifically designed for the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section. Analyze your performance on practice questions to identify areas of weakness.
  6. Join Study Groups and Forums: Joining an MCAT study group or online forum can provide additional insights and tips from peers who are also preparing for the exam. Websites like Reddit and Student Doctor Network have active MCAT communities.
  7. Stay Updated: The AAMC occasionally updates the MCAT content and structure. Stay updated by regularly visiting the AAMC website and subscribing to their notifications.

Please note, the links provided are based on commonly used resources and official AAMC materials. Access to some resources may require purchase or registration. Starting with the AAMC’s materials is always a good idea to ensure you’re studying the most relevant and accurate content for the MCAT.

Our Experience Teaching MCAT Foundations of Behavior  Candidates To Pass The Exam

The development of our Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior (MCAT) practice tests at Career Employer has been an extraordinary journey, characterized by notable successes and formidable challenges. Driven by the exam’s extensive range of subjects, our aim has been to meet the distinct needs of our learners.

Our approach has been thoughtfully devised to guarantee that every student is thoroughly equipped for success on the exam. This dedication is evident in the broad coverage and detailed focus of our practice materials, underscoring our commitment to the achievements of our students.

Teaching the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section of the MCAT (Medical College Admission Test) presents a unique set of challenges and rewards from a lecturer’s perspective. This section of the MCAT is designed to test students’ understanding of how psychological, social, and biological factors influence perceptions and reactions to the world; behavior and behavior changes; what people think about themselves and others; the cultural and social differences that influence well-being; and the relationships between social stratification, access to resources, and well-being.


  • Interdisciplinary Nature: This section spans multiple disciplines, including psychology, sociology, and biology. Lecturers must be proficient in all these areas, understanding both the content and how these disciplines intersect to affect human behavior and health.
  • Application to Medicine: The primary challenge is teaching these concepts in a way that is relevant to medical practice. Students need to understand not just the theoretical aspects but also how they apply to patient care and the healthcare system.
  • Diverse Backgrounds of Students: Students come from various academic backgrounds. Some may have strong knowledge in biology but less in psychology or sociology, and vice versa. Creating a curriculum that addresses these varied levels of familiarity without overwhelming or boring any segment of the class can be difficult.
  • Test Prep Focus: Since the ultimate goal for students is to excel in the MCAT, there’s a need to balance teaching foundational concepts with test-taking strategies and practice. Ensuring students are prepared for the specific types of questions and reasoning the MCAT requires without reducing the subject to mere test prep can be challenging.


  • Broad Impact: Educators have the opportunity to shape future medical professionals’ understanding of the holistic nature of patient care. This includes recognizing the psychological and socio-economic factors that influence health, which is crucial for developing compassionate, effective physicians.
  • Interdisciplinary Teaching: This section allows lecturers to integrate knowledge from different fields, making the learning experience richer and more comprehensive. It also encourages critical thinking and application of knowledge in complex, real-world scenarios.
  • Student Growth: There is a profound reward in seeing students develop a deeper understanding of how social, psychological, and biological factors impact health and healthcare. This growth not only prepares them for the MCAT but also lays the foundation for their future roles as empathetic and holistic healthcare providers.


To address these challenges and harness the rewards, lecturers can utilize a variety of resources:

  • Official AAMC Materials: The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) provides official guides, practice tests, and question packs specifically for the MCAT. These are invaluable for understanding the format and content the MCAT will cover.
  • Textbooks and Scholarly Articles: Standard psychology, sociology, and biology textbooks are crucial. Additionally, current articles discussing the intersection of these fields with medicine can provide up-to-date examples and applications.
  • Online Platforms and Courses: Websites like Khan Academy offer free resources that cover many MCAT topics, including this section. Paid platforms like UWorld and Kaplan also offer extensive MCAT prep materials, including practice questions and exams.
  • Peer Discussion and Study Groups: Encouraging students to engage in study groups and discussions can help them understand complex topics through different perspectives and deepen their knowledge.
  • Guest Lectures and Real-World Examples: Inviting healthcare professionals to speak about how they see these factors play out in their practice can make the material more relevant and engaging for students.

At Career Employer, our practice tests for the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior (MCAT) certification are the culmination of efforts by a team of experts, each deeply committed to educational excellence. This group of specialists, with their extensive knowledge and experience, has been instrumental in preparing candidates for the MCAT exam. Their profound insights have helped over 1000 medical students, particularly focusing on the specific requirements of medical assistants, to secure their MCAT certifications.

Our team is composed of seasoned professionals, all of whom have devoted at least ten years to the field of entry-level medicine. This level of expertise ensures that our practice materials are not just crafted by the leading experts but are also highly effective in guiding candidates through their certification process. Our dedication to high standards means that those who use our resources are comprehensively prepared and empowered to achieve their certification goals with confidence.

Effective Study Strategies and Methods

To effectively prepare for the MCAT’s Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior exam, adopting a multifaceted approach to your study strategy is essential. Here are some of the most effective strategies, as informed by several reliable sources:

  • Understand Key Concepts in Context: While memorization is necessary, understanding the concepts in context is crucial. This is particularly true for the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section. You should focus on understanding key theories, how they differ, and how to apply them. It’s also recommended to familiarize yourself with the function of key brain regions, ear and eye anatomy, and sensory processes​​.
  • Active Learning Techniques: Employ active learning strategies such as summarizing concepts in your own words, using mnemonic devices for complex information, and visualizing processes or structures. Active learning aids in better understanding and retention​.
  • Spaced Repetition and Practice: Utilizing spaced repetition systems like Anki or other flashcard apps can significantly enhance your memory retention over time. Regularly reviewing material and testing yourself on key concepts can solidify your understanding and recall​.
  • Practice with Timed Questions and Full-Length Exams: Simulating exam conditions by taking practice questions and full-length exams under timed conditions is vital. This not only builds stamina but also helps you get accustomed to the pacing required for the actual MCAT.
  • Use High-Quality Study Materials: Opt for study materials that are up-to-date and have positive reviews from other students. Incorporate a mix of books, online courses, practice exams, and flashcards to cover all exam areas comprehensively. Resources like Khan Academy can offer valuable preparation at no cost​.
  • Join Study Groups or Online Forums: Engaging with peers through study groups or online forums can offer additional support, motivation, and resources. Platforms such as the Jack Westin MCAT Prep’s Facebook group provide a community for sharing study strategies and discussing challenging concepts​​.
  • Develop a Study Schedule: Start your preparation early and commit to a structured study plan. Allocate dedicated study time each day and incorporate practice exams to identify areas of improvement. Adjust your study focus based on practice test outcomes and ensure to cover all exam sections thoroughly​​.
  • Focus on Mental and Physical Health: Maintaining both mental and physical wellness is crucial during your prep time. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, adequate sleep, and stress-management practices like meditation can keep you focused and energized throughout your study period.
  • Engage with Official AAMC Materials: Make sure to include practice tests and materials provided by the AAMC, as these are closest to the actual MCAT in terms of content and format. This will give you the most accurate experience and preparation for test day​​.

By integrating these strategies into your MCAT preparation, especially for the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section, you can enhance your study efficiency, deepen your content understanding, and improve your overall test performance. Remember, consistent practice, active learning, and wellbeing are key components of a successful MCAT preparation strategy.


Cost TypeDetailsCost Range
Registration FeesStandard for U.S., InternationalUSD 335 – USD 455
Study MaterialsMCAT Official Prep Complete BundleFree – USD 350
Prep CoursesSelf-paced, Live Online, In-PersonUSD 1,500 – USD 7,000
Tutoring10 – 30 Tutoring HoursUSD 500 – USD 4,500
Travel CostsTest Center Travel ExpensesUSD 500 – USD 1,000
Total Potential Cost RangeIncluding all fees and expensesUSD 500 – USD 13,000

The cost of the MCAT (Medical College Admission Test), including all associated fees, study materials, prep courses, and post-exam costs, can vary widely depending on a range of factors. Here’s a breakdown of potential costs based on recent information:

Registration Fees

  • Standard Registration: USD 335 for U.S. test-takers, and USD 455 for international students, which includes a non-refundable international fee of USD 120​.
  • Fee Assistance Program: For those with financial constraints, the AAMC offers reduced registration fees of USD 140​.

Study Materials and Preparation

  • Study Materials: Costs can range from free to USD 350, with the AAMC recommending a USD 350 MCAT Official Prep Complete Bundle​.
  • Prep Courses: Depending on the format (self-paced, live online, or in-person), costs range from USD 1,500 to USD 7,000​.
  • Tutoring: For personalized tutoring, you might expect to pay between USD 500 and USD 4,500, based on 10 to 30 tutoring hours.

Additional Costs

  • Travel Costs: If you need to travel to a test center, expenses can range from USD 500 to USD 1,000, varying by location​​.
  • Rescheduling or Changing Test Center: Fees for these changes can add up, along with potential travel adjustments.

Other Considerations

  • Fee Assistance Program: The AAMC’s Fee Assistance Program can significantly reduce costs for eligible students, offering benefits such as reduced registration fees and free preparation resources​.
  • Voiding or Missing the Exam: If you miss your exam date or choose to void your scores, you will not receive a refund, and it counts as a test attempt​.

Total Potential Cost Range

Considering all these factors, the total cost of taking the MCAT can range significantly, from about USD 500 to as much as USD 13,000, depending on the extent of preparation and resources utilized​.

It’s important to plan your MCAT journey carefully, considering not just the registration fees but also the broader costs associated with preparation and travel. Utilizing resources like the Fee Assistance Program can help alleviate some financial pressure for eligible students.

Reliable Study Materials and Resources

Preparing for the MCAT’s Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section can be a daunting task, but with the right resources, you can set yourself up for success. Below is a curated list of resources that will aid in your study:

  1. AAMC Resources: The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) provides a comprehensive overview of what to expect on this section of the MCAT, highlighting the importance of understanding how psychological, social, and biological factors influence behavior and health. They offer a range of official preparation materials, including practice questions and exams that reflect the actual test format​​.
  2. Khan Academy: Known for their high-quality, free educational resources, Khan Academy offers a plethora of practice questions on various topics relevant to the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section. Their content ranges from social psychology to biology, covering many of the foundational concepts you’ll need to know​.
  3. UWorld: UWorld is highly recommended for those seeking a wide range of practice questions and explanations. They offer a free trial and their basic plan provides 90 days of unlimited access to over 1,900 sample MCAT questions. Their platform is designed to mimic the actual exam closely, making it an excellent tool for familiarizing yourself with the test format​.
  4. Magoosh: Magoosh offers affordable online prep courses starting at $179 for 1-month access. Their resources include more than 380 review videos and an embedded study plan to keep you on track. Additionally, they provide email support from their team of tutors​.
  5. Med School Insiders: Offers a comprehensive guide to studying for the MCAT, including tips on assessing your strengths and weaknesses, prioritizing comprehension over rote memorization, and utilizing high-quality tools and resources. Their guide emphasizes the importance of a strategic study plan tailored to your individual needs​​.
  6. Jack Westin: Provides specific strategies for tackling the MCAT, including prioritizing easy questions, flagging and returning to difficult ones, practicing timed mock exams, and thoroughly reviewing and analyzing your practice exam performances. This resource also offers insights into studying biological foundations and understanding research methods and data analysis​​.

Remember, while the quantity of study materials is important, the quality of your study and how well you understand and can apply the material are what truly matter. Make sure to review each resource to see which aligns best with your learning style and study needs. Additionally, practicing under exam-like conditions and regularly reviewing your performance can greatly enhance your readiness for the exam.

Tips for Exam Day

For the MCAT Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section, a blend of content knowledge and strategic preparation is key to success. Here’s a comprehensive guide to navigating exam day with confidence, drawn from insights provided by Med School Insiders and general best practices for MCAT preparation.

Understanding the Section’s Composition

This section primarily tests knowledge in introductory psychology (65%), sociology (30%), and biology (5%), with an emphasis on how these areas influence behavior and societal outcomes. Topics can range widely from cognition and emotion to social processes and mental disorders. It’s vital to grasp not just the terms but their application in real-world scenarios​.

Exam Day Strategies

  • Active Studying Over Rote Memorization: Engage in active learning techniques like practice questions and flashcards rather than just trying to memorize information. This approach helps in understanding concepts deeply and retaining information longer​​.
  • Establish a Study Routine: Consistency in your preparation can significantly impact your performance. Incorporate both night and morning routines to build a sustainable study habit that enhances overall wellness and the quality of your study sessions​.
  • Focus on High-Yield Content: Prioritize studying content that is more likely to appear on the exam. Utilizing resources that highlight these high-yield topics can maximize your study efficiency​.
  • Self-Assessment: Regularly evaluate your strengths and weaknesses to tailor your study plan effectively. This ensures you allocate more time to areas where improvement is needed​.
  • Prioritize Comprehension and Application: Beyond memorizing facts, ensure you understand the underlying concepts. This foundational understanding is crucial for applying knowledge to solve MCAT problems effectively​​.
  • Quality Resources: Make use of reputable study materials and tools. Resources like AAMC materials, MCAT flashcards, and practice questions from trusted platforms are invaluable for your preparation​.
  • Limit Distractions: Create a focused study environment by minimizing interruptions. Techniques can include adjusting notification settings on devices or using distraction blocker tools​​.
  • Practical Testing Experience: Familiarize yourself with the exam format and conditions by taking full-length practice tests. This helps in managing time and endurance, as well as reducing test-day anxiety​.
  • Term Tracking: As you study, note terms that frequently appear in practice questions and tests. Prioritize these for deeper study, as they’re more likely to be featured on the exam​.
  • Resource Utilization: Engage with resources that provide in-depth coverage of high-yield topics and offer practice in a format similar to the actual MCAT. AAMC’s own materials are highly recommended for their relevance and accuracy​.

On Exam Day

  • Approach the test with confidence, backed by your thorough preparation.
  • Treat each section with equal seriousness, including the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section, to ensure a balanced performance across the exam.
  • Manage your time wisely, allowing for a review of answers without rushing through questions.

By adhering to these strategies, you can enhance your preparation for the MCAT Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section and improve your overall exam performance.

Post-Exam: Next Steps

After your MCAT exam, especially focusing on the Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior section, it’s crucial to reflect on your performance and prepare for the next steps in your medical school application process. Here’s a structured approach to follow post-exam, inspired by insights gathered from various sources, including MCAT 101:

  1. Reflect on Your Performance: Analyze how you felt during the exam. Identify any sections that were particularly challenging and consider whether you might need to retake the exam to improve your score.
  2. Understand Your Score: When you receive your score, remember that MCAT scores are just one aspect of your medical school application. If your score is lower than you hoped, consider how other parts of your application can strengthen your profile, such as your GPA, clinical experiences, research, and personal statement​.
  3. Consider Retaking the Exam: If you believe you can significantly improve your score, preparing for a retake might be beneficial. Focus on your weak areas, simulate exam conditions for practice, and adopt effective study habits. Remember, perseverance is key, and many successful candidates have improved their scores on subsequent attempts.
  4. Strengthen Your Application: Look beyond the MCAT. Engage in activities that demonstrate your commitment to medicine, such as volunteering, shadowing doctors, or participating in research projects. These experiences can significantly enhance your application and help compensate for a lower MCAT score.
  5. Seek Feedback and Guidance: Consult with advisors, mentors, or pre-med counselors. They can offer valuable insights into your overall application strategy, including whether to retake the MCAT or how to highlight your strengths in other areas of your application.
  6. Prepare for Secondary Applications and Interviews: Start preparing for secondary applications and interviews. These are crucial components of the admissions process where you can further showcase your passion for medicine, commitment to community service, and readiness for the challenges of medical school.

Remember, the MCAT is a milestone, but not the sole determinant of your future in medicine. A holistic approach to your application, highlighting your strengths and dedication, can make a significant impact.


  1. “Strategies for Each MCAT Section.” UWorld,
  2. “Psych Soc Section of the MCAT.” Med School Insiders,
  3. “MCAT: A Comprehensive Guide.” Jack Westin,
  4. “The MCAT Breakdown: Understanding the Test Sections and How to Prepare for Each One.” Leland,
  5. “MCAT Cost.”,
  6. “How Much Does the MCAT Cost?” PreMedExperts,
  7. “What You Need to Know About the MCAT Exam.” AAMC,
  8. “Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior Section Overview.” AAMC,
  9. “Social Sciences Practice.” Khan Academy,
  10. “Best Online MCAT Prep Courses.” GradSchoolCenter,
  11. “MCAT Study Guide.” Med School Insiders,
  12. “What Are the Biggest Changes to the MCAT Over the Past Few Years?” Reddit,
  13. “4egKPnATfXo.” YouTube,
  14. “482 MCAT Score.” MCAT 101,
  15. “55 Page MCAT Psychology Resource (Condensed).” Reddit,
  16. “Psychology/Sociology: Social Behavior Part 1 | MCAT Crash Course” YouTube, Uploaded by “Inspira Advantage”

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