At the top, there is a button that enables you to access the complete ICVA NAVLE test. Additionally, we have provided comprehensive practice tests for the ICVA NAVLE exam below. 

By completing these practice tests, you will be able to assess your strong points, identify areas that need more work, and understand your strengths. To further aid your preparation, we offer targeted quizzes, focusing on specific ICVA NAVLE practice questions in the areas that need extra effort.

ICVA NAVLE Domains Practice Exams

NAVLE Clinical Practice Exam 1

  • Description: This domain typically covers fundamental clinical competencies in veterinary medicine. It may include questions on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of various animal diseases and conditions.
  • Percentage of Exam: The exact percentage can vary, but it’s usually approximately 35%.
  • Number of Questions: Depending on the total number of questions on the NAVLE (usually around 360), this domain could have a substantial number of questions. For instance, if it constitutes 20% of the exam, it would include approximately 72 questions.

Welcome to your NAVLE Clinical Practice Exam 1

NAVLE Clinical Practice Exam 2

  • Description: This section also focuses on clinical aspects but might delve into more specialized areas or advanced clinical scenarios.
  • Percentage of Exam: Similar to Clinical 1, the exact percentage can vary, but it’s usually approximately 35%.
  • Number of Questions: If this domain also covers around 20% of the exam, it would similarly include about 72 questions.

Welcome to your NAVLE Clinical Practice Exam 2

NAVLE Communication Practice Exam

  • Description: This domain assesses the candidate’s skills in client communication, understanding of client-veterinarian relationships, and ability to convey medical information effectively.
  • Percentage of Exam: This might be a smaller portion, say 10%.
  • Number of Questions: With a 10% representation, this would translate to around 36 questions.

Welcome to your NAVLE Communication Practice Exam

NAVLE Professionalism, Practice Management, and Wellness Practice Exam

  • Description: This section tests knowledge in professional conduct, ethical practices, management of veterinary practices, and aspects of personal and professional wellness.
  • Percentage of Exam: This could also be around 10%.
  • Number of Questions: Assuming a 10% share, this would mean about 36 questions.

Welcome to your NAVLE Professionalism, Practice Management, and Wellness Practice Exam

NAVLE Preventive Medicine and Animal Welfare Practice Exam

  • Description: This domain focuses on preventive healthcare strategies, public health aspects, and animal welfare issues.
  • Percentage of Exam: This might constitute around 10-15% of the exam.
  • Number of Questions: If it’s 10%, it would be about 36 questions; if 15%, approximately 54 questions.

Welcome to your NAVLE Preventive Medicine and Animal Welfare Practice Exam

The NAVLE is primarily a multiple-choice question (MCQ) exam. It is scored on a pass/fail basis, with a minimum passing score determined by the ICVA.

ICVA NAVLE Exam Breakdown

The ICVA’s North American Veterinary Licensing Examination (NAVLE) is a comprehensive assessment that covers a broad spectrum of veterinary knowledge. The exam’s structure is divided into various species and competencies, each contributing a certain percentage to the overall exam.

Species-Level Breakdown

SpeciesTarget Blueprint %
Other Small Mammals3.3%
Pet Bird2.3%
Non Species Specific2.0%

Overall, the NAVLE is structured to comprehensively test a candidate’s knowledge and skills in veterinary medicine, covering a wide range of species and competencies, ensuring that successful candidates are well-equipped for veterinary practice.

Overall exam Structure

  • Total Questions: 360 multiple-choice questions.
  • Sections: The exam is divided into 6 sections.
  • Questions per Section: Each section contains 60 questions.
  • Pre-test Questions: Out of the 360 questions, 60 are “pre-test” questions that are not scored.

Here’s a breakdown of the competencies along with their percentage contribution and the estimated number of questions for each:

Domain% of Exam# of Questions
NAVLE Clinical 1Varies (e.g., 20%)Varies (e.g., 72)
NAVLE Clinical 2Varies (e.g., 20%)Varies (e.g., 72)
NAVLE Communication~10%~36
NAVLE Professionalism, Practice Management, and Wellness~10%~36
NAVLE Preventive Medicine and Animal Welfare10-15%~36-54
  • Exam Format and Questions: The NAVLE consists of 360 clinically relevant multiple-choice computer based questions. 
  • Pre-test Questions: These are included to test the validity of potential future exam questions and do not count toward the final score.

These percentages and the corresponding number of questions reflect the exam’s focus on ensuring that candidates are equipped with the necessary skills and knowledge for clinical practice, with a substantial emphasis on clinical practice areas.

Our Experience Teaching ICVA NAVLE Candidates To Pass The Exam

The ICVA NAVLE exam is a pivotal assessment administered by the International Council for Veterinary Assessment for veterinary graduates in North America, designed to evaluate their competency in key veterinary practice areas for professional licensure.

Crafting practice tests for the International Council for NAVLE has presented us with both challenges and opportunities for fulfillment. Our teaching experience in this area is deeply influenced by the comprehensive nature of the content and the varied learning requirements of students. 

The examination encompasses a wide range of veterinary topics, necessitating continuous updates to the training knowledge and educational resources to maintain their relevance and accuracy. Here are a few takeaways: 

  1. Meeting Varied Learning Styles: My test takers have diverse educational backgrounds and learning preferences. Some are fresh graduates, while others are practicing vets preparing for North American licensure. Adapting teaching strategies to suit these diverse needs is essential for effective instruction.
  2. Focus on Analytical Skills: Success in the NAVLE relies not just on repetitive learning but on the application of knowledge in practical scenarios. My approach emphasizes case-based exam practice, interactive discussions, and exercises that enhance critical thinking and problem-solving abilities.
  3. Integrating Technology in Teaching: Utilizing digital tools, such as online materials, simulation software, and interactive quizzes, has been key in making complex topics accessible and engaging for students.
  4. Evaluation and Constructive Feedback: Conducting regular evaluations is crucial to understanding students’ progress. Providing detailed, helpful feedback helps them identify areas for improvement and solidifies their learning process.
  5. Rewarding Experience: Witnessing the success of my students as they pass the NAVLE is deeply gratifying. It’s rewarding to contribute to their professional journey in veterinary medicine.

This ICVA practice exam was meticulously developed by our Career Employer team, drawing from their extensive experience in preparing for, taking, and assisting over a thousand veterinarians to successfully pass the official ICVA exam. Our team comprises seasoned vets, each with over a decade of expertise, and we offer a range of practice exam versions to suit different needs.

Understanding the certification in general

This summary provides an overview of the key competencies evaluated in the NAVLE, detailing the proportion and number of questions per domain as per the exam’s usual format.

Let’s break down the NAVLE process into six steps:

How to become an ICVA NAVLE associate

To become an ICVA NAVLE associate, you must meet certain eligibility criteria and follow a specific application process:

Eligibility Criteria

1. Educational Background:

  • Graduates from schools accredited by the Council on Education of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA).
  • Senior students at AVMA-accredited schools with an expected graduation date within ten months from the last date of the applicable testing window (eight months for Nebraska state board candidates).
  • Graduates from non-AVMA accredited schools who are enrolled in or have certificates from the Educational Commission for Foreign Veterinary Graduates (ECFVG) or the Program for the Assessment of Veterinary Education Equivalence (PAVE).
  • Senior students at non-AVMA accredited schools enrolled in ECFVG or PAVE, with the same graduation timeline as AVMA students, and who have completed the Step 3 examination of their program.

2. Licensing Board Requirements:

  • Meet specific eligibility requirements of the state licensing board through which you are applying. This may vary by state.

Application Process

1. Selecting a Licensing Agency: 

  • Choose the state where you wish to practice veterinary medicine. Your NAVLE scores will be sent to that state. If you plan to practice in multiple states or are unsure of your practice location, you can use the AAVSB’s VAULT service after graduation and passing the NAVLE.

2. Application Steps:

  • For ICVA’s 38 states (dark green on their map): Complete the online application, pay fees in one transaction, and submit proof of graduation to ICVA by August 1 for the November-December testing window or by February 1 for the April testing window.
  • For other states (light blue on their map): Complete the online application, pay the NAVLE fee, complete your state application, pay your state fee to the State Board office, and submit proof of graduation to your state board office. Deadlines are the same as for ICVA states, but some states may have earlier deadlines.

Deadlines and Fees

  • Deadlines: August 1 for the November-December testing window and February 1 for the April testing window. No exceptions.
  • Fees: The NAVLE fee is $740, with an additional USD 355 for international candidates. State NAVLE fees may vary.

Each state or region may have specific application and testing procedures. It’s crucial to visit the respective site of the state or region where you plan to be licensed for more detailed information.

For the most accurate and up-to-date information, it’s recommended to visit the ICVA website and the website of the state licensing board where you wish to practice.

Effective Study Strategies and Methods

To effectively prepare for the ICVA NAVLE exam, consider the following strategies:

  1. Develop a Study Plan: A 3- to 5-month study schedule is recommended. Tailor the study plan to fit your schedule and learning style. Sample study plans can be found online or through paid review programs.
  2. Test Yourself Regularly: Avoid cramming. Instead, recall information multiple times after studying, with intervals of reviewing other topics. This approach enhances retention and understanding.
  3. Use Study Groups Wisely: Actively participate in study group discussions, ensuring that they are of optimal size for effective learning and feedback. Verbal participation is key for better recall and understanding.
  4. Study During Breaks: Utilize short breaks during clinicals or classes for quick study sessions. This can be done using flashcards or reviewing notes, allowing more time for self-care activities later.
  5. Change Up the Study Venue: Altering your study location can enhance focus and retention. Also, vary your study materials and methods, such as flashcards, old tests, online sample tests, and books.
  6. Practice with Sample Questions and Exams: Regularly engage with sample questions and practice exams, which are available through the ICVA. This will familiarize you with the exam format and identify areas needing more focus.
  7. Study to Your Strengths: Identify and utilize study methods that work best for you. Minor tweaks to your usual methods might enhance your study efficiency.
  8. Consider a Review Program: Programs like ZUKU Review and VetPrep, which provide study timelines and practice tests, have been helpful for many students. Also, reference books such as The Merck Veterinary Manual or The Small Animal Veterinary Nerdbook can be useful.
  9. Self-Care: Maintain a healthy diet, exercise regularly, and ensure adequate sleep. Self-care is crucial for peak mental performance and stress management.
  10. Know the Exam Format and Venue: Familiarize yourself with the NAVLE format, the types of questions asked, and the testing site. This can alleviate anxiety and help with time management during the exam.
  11. Focus on Weaker Areas: Pay special attention to the species or topics you are less familiar with. This will ensure a more balanced preparation across all subjects.
  12. NAVLE Self-Assessments: Engage with web-based practice examinations provided by the ICVA. They help identify strengths and weaknesses and familiarize candidates with the NAVLE content and format.
  13. Study During Breaks: Utilize short breaks during your day for quick reviews, such as with flashcards.


The North American Veterinary Licensing Examination (NAVLE) administered by the International Council for Veterinary Assessment (ICVA) requires specific preparation and comes with certain costs.

NAVLE Examination Fee$740 (Additional USD 355 for international testing)
Regular Self-Assessment$50
Expanded Self-Assessment$65
  • NAVLE Examination Fee: For the 2023-2024 testing cycle, the NAVLE fee is $740. Additionally, there is an international testing fee of USD 355 for candidates who wish to take the test outside of the United States.
  • NAVLE Self-Assessments: These are free web-based practice examinations designed to help candidates prepare for the NAVLE. They follow the current blueprint of the NAVLE and help identify strengths and weaknesses. The self-assessments are offered in multiple English and French versions, and a score report is immediately available after completion.
  • Cost of Self-Assessments: There are two types of self-assessment – Regular and Expanded Feedback.
    • The regular self-assessment feedback costs $50, while the expanded self-assessment is priced at USD 65.
  • Free Study Resources: The ICVA also provides a free computer-based NAVLE tutorial, including 20 sample questions. This is available in both English and French and is recommended to be used before taking the actual examination at the Prometric testing center.
  • Study Material Content: The preparation material covers various clinical and professional competencies required of veterinarians. These include areas such as Communication, Leadership, Lifelong Learning, Practice Management, Professionalism, Health Management, One Health Concepts, and Epidemiology.

Candidates are encouraged to utilize these resources effectively to prepare for the NAVLE.

Reliable Study Materials and Resources

To prepare for the ICVA NAVLE exam, you can access a variety of online resources:

  1. ICVA’s Practice NAVLE Self-Assessments: These web-based practice exams are designed to help candidates identify their strengths and weaknesses and familiarize themselves with the NAVLE’s content and format.
  2. Penn Libraries’ NAVLE Preparation Resources: This comprehensive guide includes a range of free and subscription-based resources, including websites for NAVLE prep like the American Association of Veterinary State Boards, Companion Animal Parasite Council, and the International Council for Veterinary Assessment. It also lists VetPrep and Zuku Review as notable subscription study resources.
  3. Pocket Prep’s ICVA NAVLE Exam Prep: This platform offers 800 study questions and has received positive reviews for its effectiveness in NAVLE preparation.
  4. ICVA’s Free Tutorial: A helpful resource provided by the ICVA, offering a tutorial on how the computerized test works, with 20 sample items to practice.
  5. Oklahoma State University’s Resources: VetPrep and Zuku Review are highlighted here as well, along with their respective question databases and self-assessment tests.
  6. Penn Vet National Board Review: This resource, developed by Penn Vet faculty, provides in-house links and authoritative sources for NAVLE preparation.
  7. Study Strategy Videos from Zuku Review:  These include strategic test-taking tips, insights into NAVLE questions, and visual learning strategies.
  8. Review Books Recommended by SAVMA: Notable books include “The Small Animal Veterinary Nerdbook” by Sophia Yin and various other veterinary medicine books.

Tips for Exam Day

Preparing for the ICVA NAVLE exam requires a comprehensive approach, combining effective study strategies, knowledge of exam specifics, and the right mindset. Here are some tips from various sources:

Pre-Exam Preparation

  1. Documents and Arrival Time: Ensure you bring the necessary documents, including photo identification and your scheduling permit. The name on your ID must match the name on your scheduling permit. Arrive at least 30 minutes early to the exam center, as late arrivals may not be admitted.
  2. Exam Content and Format: Familiarize yourself with the exam’s content, blueprint, species/diagnoses, and competencies. The NAVLE consists of 360 questions, with 300 being scored. It is divided into six blocks, each 65 minutes long, and includes 45 minutes of break time. Avoid any irregular behavior during the exam as it can have serious consequences.

Exam Strategy and Insight

  1. Understanding the Question: NAVLE questions often include extraneous information. Practice discerning relevant information and focusing on the actual question being asked. 
  2. Handling Difficult Questions: For challenging questions, compare terminology in the question and answers, use calculations to work problems backward, or employ a 50/50 guessing strategy if stuck between two options. In cases of complete uncertainty, statistically, choosing ‘C’ is suggested. 
  3. Question Weighting: Be aware that questions are weighted differently, with easy, medium, and hard questions worth 1-3 points. Focus your studies on your weak points, especially in the top species or topics you struggle with.
  4. Handling Exam Questions: When confronted with a question containing a ‘Mystery Clue’ – a piece of information that seems critical but is unfamiliar – it’s best to let it go. Focusing too much on such details can lead to confusion and wrong answers. Concentrate on the clues you do understand to maximize your chances of choosing the correct answer.

Remember, feeling unsure after the exam is normal, and it’s important to stay optimistic. Your scores will be reported about four weeks after the exam. 

Post-Exam: Next Steps

Navigating the period after taking the NAVLE can be challenging. Here are some key tips to consider post-exam:

  1. Understanding the Results Timeline: NAVLE scores are released via a web portal about a month after the testing window closes. Remember, the duration of the testing periods varies; the spring window is usually a few weeks, while the fall period lasts about a month. Choose your testing window wisely, considering your preparedness and the timeline for results. 
  2. Automatic Reporting of Results: Your NAVLE results are automatically reported to your designated licensing board, as well as to the American Association of Veterinary State Boards (AAVSB). If you wish to practice in a jurisdiction other than the one you applied through, you can transfer your score through the AAVSB.
  3. Understanding Your Score: The NAVLE score report includes your exact score, a diagnostic report on your performance for each section, and a pass/fail designation. Scores range from 200 to 800, with a passing score set at 425. The scoring is criterion-referenced, meaning it requires a minimum level of proficiency to pass, and is independent of other students’ performance.
  4. Dealing with Unsuccessful Attempts: If you don’t pass, it’s important to not let it define you. Use the diagnostic report to identify areas for improvement and adjust your study strategy for a possible retake. The NAVLE covers extensive material, making it challenging for even the best students.
  5. The Significance of Your Score: For general practice, your exact score beyond passing is usually not crucial. Most clients or employers are unlikely to inquire about it. Focus on your skills and abilities as a veterinarian, which are more significant than the specific NAVLE score.


  1. “7 Things to Know for Your NAVLE Test Day.” VetPrep Blog, 
  2. “Six Strategies for Answering NAVLE Questions.” VetPrep Blog, 
  3. “Canvas.” University of Pennsylvania, 
  4. “ICVA Practice Score.” Student Doctor Network Forums, 
  5. “Franklin Catalog.” University of Pennsylvania Libraries, 
  6. “NAVLE Prep.” University of Pennsylvania Libraries, 
  7. “Oklahoma State University Library.” Oklahoma State University, 
  8. “NAVLE.” Oklahoma State University Library, 
  9. “Benjamin Berriman NAVLE Tips Students.” Banfield Pet Hospital, 
  10. “NAVLE Exam.” Practice Test Geeks, 
  11. “Vet-in-Progress.” Tumblr, 
  12. “Study Tips for the NAVLE.” Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, 
  13. “International Council for Veterinary Assessment (ICVA).” ICVA, 
  14. “NAVLE Tutorial.” ICVA, 
  15. “NAVLE Practice Versions.” ICVA, 
  16. “Practice Versions.” ICVA, 
  17. “Self-Assessments.” ICVA, 
  18. “NAVLE Practice Test.” Mometrix Test Preparation, 
  19. “Pocket Prep.” Pocket Prep, 
  20. “ICVA NAVLE.” Pocket Prep, 
  21. “NAVLE Practice Exams.” Reddit, 
  22. “Tips for Conquering the NAVLE.” Tumblr, 
  23. “Zuku Review.” Zuku Review, 

All Posts

career employers editorial process

Here at career employer, we focus a lot on providing factually accurate information that is always up to date. We strive to provide correct information using strict editorial processes, article editing and fact checking for all of the information found on our website. We only utilize trustworthy and relevant resources. To find out more, make sure to read our full editorial process page here.

Leave a Comment